Once a National government let go of their services to capitalists, the government cannot get them back. Venezuela is a country with an oil based economy, and is currently the 4th largest oil supplier on the planet and yet; it is on the brink of economic sabotage.
In Venezuela for 15 years, the government has struggled to nationalise the country and place the services- back into the hands of the people. For centuries tyrants and dictatorships have ruled over the Venezuelan people. On every corner in Venezuela there are capitalists- who want to serve their own interests; who are subverting social fairness. Venezuelan gangs smuggle food across borders; whilst in Venezuela people are starving in the streets queuing for food. In Cumana, a gun shoot out for food between gangs, last week sadly took the life of a young child- killed, in the scrabble for food aged just four years old.
The unemployment rate in Venezuela, sits at- 17% due to businesses closing down at a rapid rate as they are hustled out of business, due to looting. Life’s essentials and food supplies, have been held back from the Venezuelan people, the black-market armed guards are holding back the food reserves. Gangs hold-up food delivery trucks and take it back to warehouses, or sell the goods on the black-market at extortionate rates. Puerto Cabello, in the capital- has no water, this forces people to wait on the side of highways to gather water as it trickles down the mountains, people are seen sitting for hours with bottles, in an effort to quench their thirst. The country once had dozens of ships waiting to enter Venezuela’s ports, to trade and now the country cannot even feed its own people.
Supplies are so controlled in Venezuela, and the poor are so suppressed but the Venezuelans have been controlled for over 500 years, and much of the world has profited at the expense of the people. In 1498 the Spaniards conquered Venezuela, history notes, the organised power structures of the various tribes both in the nomadic and settled tribes had a mutual sharing of land, called the ‘resguardos’. The Conquistadors were met with fierce resistance from the noble indigenous. The Spanish called in back up. Fleets of ships sailed to battle on against the Venezuelan indigenous. In 1520, the Spanish captured Venezuelans as slaves. Some missions took slaves and young wives for themselves, the Franciscans and Capuchins- in particular. Despite canons and heavy artillery, Venezuela’s Caracas, did not surrender until 1567. The Yanomami, still remains largely uncharted territory- this is what International multi-nationals are trying to exploit.
Venezuela- has long been gripped by trade deals it never profited from. Venezuela gained independence in 1819, with Colombia, Panama, Ecuador and formed part of ‘The Republic of Gran Colombia’. In 1930 Venezuela, separated and became a sovereign country. The ruling class `transcended upon Venezuela with a ferventness which became completely intertwined with the political economic structure. Agricultural deals were swiftly struck up with the USA; along with trade deals with France and England, there was also a large German grip on Venezuela.
It took all the way until 1948, for indigenous grievances to be recognised by the Venezuelan government. The establishment of the National Indigenous Commission- introduced in 1952, protected indigenous rights to a degree; dependent upon the political climate at the time.
During the 1990’s autonomous institutions and the Indigenous Congress of Venezuela, set to further protect indigenous rights. The National Indian Council of Venezuela, did recognise the need to save ‘indigenous’ land facing industrial and commercial development threats.
The Mestizos, were forced to work for the Ruling class, under unacceptable working conditions. They make up 50% of the current population. The ruling class in an effort to suppress the indigenous on the farm co-operatives, then began to import cheap USA agricultural produce, and flooded the market with the cut-price imported produce. This was economic sabotage to the indigenous, who could not sell their food to locals- as it was too expensive, so it rotted. The cheap imported produce killed off the entire farming sector and now the fields are desolate, the indigenous were force to move to the city for work, and found none.
The Spanish Ruling class have always ruled with an iron fist. There was a successive stream of Military leaders. The elections were crooked and rigged, politicians were untouchable with armed military police, all alleged to have a high degree of corruption with Imperialists and the USA. Rafael Caldera was despised by the people. In 1998, Hugo Chávez won the presidential elections by a golden mile.
In 2005, Chávez, gave the executive order for the “Special Economic and Social Development Plan for the Construction, Repair, Equipping, Outfitting and Operation of the Civic-Military Endogenous Development Units, Air Bases and River Commandos for the Defence, Development, and Consolidation of the South”. The first thing he did was to Nationalise Venezuela’s oil reserves, from the US backed Multi-Nationals, he introduced Universal free healthcare in the Barrios and slums, where many live in shipping containers and he connected power to their homes.
Chávez, wanted to alleviate indigenous poverty -he set up Co-operatives, a military scholarship for underprivileged youth- to provide a free education. Hugo Chávez, Introduced social credit housing for the Barrios and provided a telecommunications system.
In August 2005-Chávez, granted property titles to six Karina indigenous communities, in the states of Anzoategu and Monagas. This land grant was protested by capitalists at the time; as it was in the interests of the indigenous.
Funding was drawn from privately funded Catholic universities, to set up State run universities. The universities did not seek funding from the Vatican, for the shortfall, nor seek support for the Venezuelan Social credit program. The Ruling classes and capitalists prevented academics publishing their work, as the work revealed the atrocities which the indigenous faced. This is a deliberate encroachment upon press freedom.
The Industry plotted against the government and printing prices were unaffordable. Then paper stocks were held back, ink and plate making processes were sabotaged. Academics were forced to leave there positions in teaching, due to the publishing requirements for academics and universities were forced to close. The delivery of supplies in Venezuela, have been frustrated by Capitalists, to every level of nationalised services, in an effort to halt the mandate began by Chávez.
The great divide between the rich and the poor in the Barrios, who rely on the government to supply their basic rights and essentials, has formed a vast chasm. The Venezuelan government have met the need for the people, and provide cheap food. However; the Capitalists are sabotaging the food suppliers and hold back food supplies from the grocery stores, leaving the shelves empty. There are warehouses where food is hoarded under armed guard. Meanwhile the country has experienced rice control, oil control, and in South America where coffee originates: – even coffee control. When and if the food supplies ever do arrive; the price is hiked up, and not affordable. This frustrates shop owners who live in the area to serve the locals, and so they are forced to close their businesses. This bankrupts the food chain supply to the people.The Venezuelan people are in utter desperation and do their best to fight for the food. The current inflation is set at 482 %, this is one of the world’s worst negative growth rate of -8%.
President Nicholas Maduro, wants to Nationalise the economy so the Government can maintain the status quo. Maduro is from the ‘Worker’s Party’, and his former charismatic predecessor Hugo Chávez’ vision was to cease corruption and bribes. Chávez wanted to put the services back in the hands of the Venezuelan people. This plan has been frustrated on every turn by the ruling class, who have lived the high-life for Century’s, and resent being held to account. The Ruling class disagree with the socially conscious government wanting to care for the people. The Venezuelan people have been subordinated by the former corrupt governments, who did not serve in the majority’s interests rule.
The Venezuelan people, are now suppressed beyond reproach by the capitalists, who are now calling for Maduro’s impeachment, just three years after him taking the lead after Hugo Chávez, passed from stomach cancer. It has now been found many of the petitions signatures are erroneous and of deceased people. Since his presidency Maduro, maintains he will continue to work in Hugo Chávez’s honour and work on the mandate and vision for the Venezuelan people. Socialism needs more time to revolve. There are steps Venezuela can take such as cease shipping oil up the Panama. Something needs to be done in the interests of the Venezuelan people, as Inflation is expected to hit 720 percent this year, the highest in the entire world.
Socialism can work for Venezuela, it is just the corruption which is so ingrained into society, has become an acceptable social norm. Capitalism is greed, and tyranny against a starving vulnerable people needs to be swept out. We the people, we the majority.
Please write and expose the situation in the name of press freedom
Privatization Definition- the transfer of ownership of property or businesses from a government to a privately owned entity. 2. The transition from a publicly traded and owned company to a company which is privately owned and no longer trades publicly on a stock exchange
production could fall half a million barrels a day in 2016, Barclays says [retrieved from] http://fuelfix.com/blog/2016/06/21/venezuelas-oil-production-could-fall-half-a-million-barrels-a-day-in-2016-barclays-says/
- c/o family going through a week increased by more than 25% between March and April, andnow costs 22 times the state minimum salary. [retrieved from] http://elperiodiquito.com/article/222310/Canasta-basica-familiar-de-abril-subio-a-256-146-bolivares
- c/o Please see Guardian CPA issue 173
- c/o Venezuela Economic Crisis – Guardian Briefing [retrieved from] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/22/venezuela-economic-crisis-guardian-briefing
- c/o Venezuelans Ransack Stores as Hunger Grips the Nation By Nicholas, C., New York Times (19 June 2016) (Please Read the article at the link below)
- c/o ARB, I.C.N., 2015. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.
- c/o A Reporter Travels Through Venezuela a Country Teething on the Brink By Nicholas, C., New York Times (9 Feb 2016) (Please Read the article at the link below)[retrieved from] http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/09/world/americas/a-reporter-travels-through-venezuela-a-country-teetering-on-the-brink.html?_r=0
* c/o Webber, J.R., 2010. Venezuela under Chávez: The Prospects and Limitations of Twenty-First Century Socialism, 1999-2009. Socialist Studies/Études Socialistes, 6(1).
- c/o Assessment for Indigenous Peoples in Venezuela [retrieved from]